shoulder dislocation ppt

Posted by in smash-blog | December 29, 2020

3 They may be caused by a fall on an outstretched arm, trauma to the posterior humerus, or—more frequently—trauma to the arm while it is extended, externally rotated, and abducted (eg, blocking a shot in basketball). ANTERIOR SHOULDER DISLOCATION PROTOCOL PHASE I: 0 – 3 WEEKS S/P INJURY Bracing: Ultra-Sling ER: position arm in 10° of ER. This article contains a general discussion on shoulder dislocation. The shoulder is a synovial joint composed of three bones: humerus, scapula, and clavicle. A dislocated bone is no longer in its normal position. For specific dislocation types please refer to the following articles: anterior shoulder dislocation (95% of shoulder dislocations) Dislocation of the shoulder is often associated with damage to the joint capsule (as in Bankart's and Hill-Sachs lesions) and this can lead to instability and predispose to recurrent dislocation. The vast majority of shoulder dislocations are anterior (>95%). In contrast to shoulder dislocations in younger patients, anterior shoulder dislocation in the elderly is often associated with concomitant injuries to the rotator cuff and fractures. Posterior dislocations are uncommon because the strong muscular and skeletal support prevents posterior displacement of the humeral head. A subluxation is an incomplete or partial dislocation. After closed reduction and a short p … The force required is often that of a fall or a collision with another person or object (both of which can occur during many sports). Acute posterior shoulder dislocations are less common than anterior dislocations, but more commonly missed 50% of traumatic posterior dislocations seen in the emergency department are undiagnosed; Epidemiology incidence . 1,2,5 Patients with shoulder dislocation of any type typically present with a history of trauma or feeling the shoulder pop, followed by pain. Anterior shoulder dislocation anatomy. Anterior dislocations occur in as many as 97% of cases. The vast majority of shoulder dislocations are anterior dislocations. 1,5 Posterior dislocations occur in 2% to 4% of cases, and inferior dislocations are rare. It accounts for less than 2% of all dislo-cations of the shoulder,1,2 but is of diagnostic and therapeutic interest because most are missed on the initial examination. The most common type of shoulder dislocation is the anterior shoulder dislocation (much more common than posterior shoulder dislocation) which occurs when there's a sudden blow to your shoulder causing it to forcefully rotate, extend or abduct and cause the top of your shoulder bone to dislocate for the shoulder blade. The shoulder is the most commonly dislocated large joint.1 A traumatic shoulder dislocation is often accompanied by a labral lesion,2–7 which predisposes the patient to developing chronic shoulder instability.8–11 The incidence of primary shoulder dislocation varies between 15.31 and 56.312 per 100 000 person-years. Fracture-Dislocations . Shoulder subluxation is a partial dislocation of your shoulder. It permits movement of the arm in all directions, but it is prone to dislocation. Overall, stability is achieved through the static and dynamic restraints. But, 20% of shoulder dislocations occur in patients under 20 years old. PPT Jurnal Shoulder Dislocation - Pendek - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. Shoulder dislocations constitute up to 50% of all major joint dislocations. 80-94% of patients who have a dislocation under the age of 20 years will have a recurrence of their dislocation. Shoulder dislocation result in a significant amount of lost practice and game time, and has physical and psychological consequences for the athlete. Many sports from football to lacrosse place students at-risk for injury. Anterior dislocations make up over 90% of dislocated shoulders. In an anterior dislocation, the head of the humerus comes to rest inferior to the coracoid process of the scapula. Some dislocations were included in the long bone fracture classification (eg, forearm), and there is the potential for more than 1 code to be appropriate for a given injury. Most shoulder dislocations happen at the lower front of the shoulder, because of the particular anatomy of the shoulder … Anterior dislocations account for 95% of all presented cases of shoulder dislocation, making them the most common type. JOINT DISLOCATIONS. A dislocation occurs when a bone slips out of a joint. 3-6 In a series of 24 patients with posterior dislocation… The shoulder is the most frequently dislocated joint owing to the shallowness of the glenoid fossa and the shoulder’s great mobility. A dislocated shoulder is both painful and incapacitating. For example, the top of your arm bone fits into a joint at your shoulder. Anterior displacement of the humeral head is the most common dislocation seen by emergency physicians and is depicted in the image below. Why Recurrent Shoulder Dislocation is a Concern / Who Is At Risk. + + The shoulder is said to be the most mobile joint in the human body. J Bone Joint Surg Am 2005; 87 (3):639-650. Anteroinferior shoulder dislocation may lead to injury of the stabilizers of the shoulder on the glenoid side. A joint can be partially dislocated (subluxation) or fully dislocated. Because the head of the humerus is substantially larger than the glenoid fossa, shoulder dislocation is the most common type of joint dislocation. Posterior dislocation of the shoulder is a rare but clinically and radiologically well-defined entity. It is paramount to identify the correct pathogenesis of instability so that treatment can be appropriately tailored to the patient’s needs. Posterior (backward) dislocation occurs when the humeral head moves toward the back of the body. J Orthop Trauma 2012 ;26(4):246-251. Anterior dislocations typically result from a direct blow to, or a fall on, an outstretched arm. After shoulder dislocation reduction, physical therapy may be utilized to re-strengthen the vulnerable area. These include injuries to the anterior or anteroinferior glenoid rim (called bony Bankart lesions), or to the labro-capsulo-ligamentous soft tissue stabilizers of the shoulder (called soft tissue Bankart lesions) . A dislocation may also cause ligament or nerve damage. Normally the head of the humerus remains centered in the glenoid fossa. The shoulder is held securely in place by the ligaments, capsule, and muscles that surround the joint. Use at all times except showering / bathing Modalities: Cryotherapy 3x/ day TENS if c/o pain NMES PROM: None at Glenohumeral joint Therapeutic Exercise: Wrist / … A dislocation can be caused by a trauma (car accident or fall) or the weakening of muscles and tendons. Anterior shoulder dislocation. A dislocation involves the structures of the shoulder while a subluxation usually is about the mechanical integrity of the shoulder and its supporting structures. The shoulder joint is called a ball-and-socket joint. There is also frequent involvement of the brachial plexus or peripheral nerves. 2% to 5% of all unstable shoulders; risk factors bony abnormality Rouleau DM et al. Dislocations may be associated with a periarticular fracture SUBLUXATION. The shoulder dislocation (more accurately termed a glenohumeral joint dislocation) involves separation of the humerus from the glenoid of the scapula at the glenohumeral joint.. Shoulder Dislocation Common Injury Among Young Athletes. Many posterior shoulder dislocations are initially missed by treating physicians, and diagnosis is delayed in many cases. Its occurrence is thought to be associated with rupture of the deltoid; however, few reports are available on the mechanism of onset and the treatment of a superior shoulder dislocation. Robinson CM, Aderinto J. Posterior shoulder dislocations and fracture- dislocations. The head of the humerus can dislocate completely or partially (subluxation) in three directions: anteriorly (most … Traumatic dislocations are rare in children under 10 years old, accounting for less than 2% of dislocations. PMID: 22183196. Dislocation is a condition that happens when the bones of a joint are knocked out of place. PMID: 15741636 The ball is the rounded top of the bone in the upper arm (humerus), which fits into the socket — the cup-shaped outer part of the shoulder blade. A fracture-dislocation occurs when there is both a broken bone and a dislocation of the joint. Incident of associated injury in posterior shoulder dislocation: Systematic review of the literature. Anterior (forward) dislocation is when the humeral head moves toward the front of the body. The first documented instances of shoulder dislocation come from as early as 3000 BC, when murals depicting the Kocher technique for reducing a dislocated shoulder were made. Definition A dislocation is a separationoftwo bones where they meet at a joint. anatomic directions (eg, 10-A5 for inferior dislocation of the shoulder or “luxatio erecta”). Introduction. The shoulder is inherently unstable allowing for its large functional range of motion. The closed reduction technique is commonly used to reset a shoulder dislocation, applying traction to the bone, but may be contraindicated in the presence of secondary injuries. The anterior dislocation is the most frequently encountered shoulder dislocation, comprising approximately 95% to 97% of cases. (A) AP view: The humeral head is in external rotation (greater tuberosity is lateral, arrow) and in a subcoracoid location.Asterisk = coracoid process. DAYTON, Ohio (October 18, 2018) – The shoulder joint is designed for great mobility, but with it comes the increased risk of dislocation which is often the case for many young athletes participating in contact sports. Patients with a tendency for recurrent (repeated) dislocation or subluxation are said to have an unstable shoulder or shoulder instability (unstable shoulder). Shoulder dislocation symptoms include shoulder pain, swelling and deformity of the joint since the shoulder joint is popped out of socket. Your shoulder joint is made up of the ball of your arm bone (humerus), which fits into a cup-like socket (glenoid). Superior shoulder dislocation is a rare type of shoulder dislocation. Patients may also experience an arm that is positioned slightly away from the body with the forearm turned outward and the … Mechanism of anterior shoulder dislocations. When the top of the humerus moves out of its usual location in the shoulder joint, the shoulder is said to be dislocated. dr. Rudi Febrianto Sp.OT JOINT DISLOCATIONS. (B) Scapular Y view: Interpretation of this view can be difficult when it is slightly oblique and overlying soft tissues obscure the image, as in this patient.The humeral head overlies the ribs (arrowheads). A person under 21 years of age who has incurred a shoulder dislocation has a 70-90% chance of dislocating the shoulder … This allows for the joint surfaces to align congruently with one another. 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