kinsman redeemer ruth chapter 4

Posted by in smash-blog | December 29, 2020

. There are some places where I use creative imagination to fill in the gaps as well, such as how Naomi heard of the prosperity in Bethlehem in chapter 1. What is the reward there? After Ruth had left for home, Boaz went to the city gate where he found the redeemer he had told Ruth about. READ Ruth 4:1-4. It was a kind of losing out. He saw Ruth not as a burden and downside to the redemption of the land. Boaz played honestly, but seemed to lose everything. Naomi is a type symbolizing the Holy Spirit who guides us to our destiny. If you will redeem it, do so. HEB 7:1 For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, . ( Log Out /  When Obed grew up he had a son named Jesse. Ruth 4 picks up from Ruth 3, as indicated by a well-placed "now" in Ruth 4:1. Naomi and Ruth need to be redeemed and Boaz is their redeemer. Read Ruth 4:9-10. He mentions that he himself wants to redeem it, and he makes it entirely clear to the redeemer. When you pass through the waters, I will be with you; and through the rivers, they shall not overwhelm you; when you walk through fire you shall not be burned, and the flame shall not consume you. In his confrontation with the closer kinsman-­redeemer, how would you characterize Boaz’s actions? In fact, he was committed to his cause, despite the cost, even to the point of exchanging his rightful name, for the sake of the inheritance and name of Elimelech and Mahlon. . We are introduced in chapter 1 to a young widow named Ruth. Boaz asked the nearer kinsman if he would be willing to redeem not only the land inheritance of Elimelech but also Ruth, the wife of Mahlon. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Would you turn, please, to Ruth, the book of Ruth; Joshua, Judges, Ruth, and turn to Ruth chapter 4. And he went in to her, and the … It’s really a great and useful piece of info. If we are redeemed, then He has this to say to us, the way Boaz speaks to Ruth – Our Boaz, our great redeemer, says this to us: But now thus says the LORD, he who created you, O Jacob, he who formed you, O Israel: “Fear not, for I have redeemed you; I have called you by name, you are mine. Boaz, a man of integrity, took pains to prevent any misunderstandings and scandals in the middle of the night, and promised to settle it immediately. He made a comprehensive redemption of the land in the name of the family of the three men - Elimelech, Chilion and Mahlon. To make the transaction legal each person took off one of their sandals and gave it to the other (Ruth 4:7). Intro: The little book of Ruth begins with a series of tragedies.In Chapter one, there is a Famine, there is a backslidden Family, there are three Funerals, there is great Fear and there is a Final goodbye. Do we see God's invisible grace in our daily life, and consider how we experience it everyday? "There remains a rest to the people of God" Heb. Their statement suggests that the child is the kinsman-redeemer, though this statement should be understood in the context as a blessing pronounced over the child, just as the men had previously prayed for blessing on Boaz (verse 11). It was a shameful thing for him to do. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. As Philippians 2:8 tells us, he took on the great cost of becoming human, and he was obedient to the point of death, even death on a cross. And he turned aside, and sat down. In chapter 4, verses 1 and 2, Boaz called the nearer kinsman to the gate of the city and asked for ten elders to join them to be public witnesses to the encounter. Ruth 4 teaches us something about redemption that we don't always remember. The most important, a grandson for Naomi, will be resolved at the end of the book. Boaz declares his redemption in two key parts (Ruth 4: 9-10). Still there is one last location in our story before Ruth and Naomi can be fully redeemed, that we find in Chapter 4 at the city gates. At that moment, the redeemer's confirmation probably crushed him. The redeemer must not only be a kinsman (Leviticus 25:25), but must also be willing, free and have the necessary price. The language of redemption is also clear that when God redeems us at this great cost, He redeems us for Himself. Chapter 3 left us with two matters still unresolved. 25:5-6). turn aside, sit down here. This is the LORD, the God of relationships, who spreads His love to cover His people and who desires to be with His people. The story of Ruth and Boaz begins when Ruth and her mother-in-law, Naomi, return to Bethlehem from Moab where they had been living. February 25, 2015 Ruth is a difficult text to deal with as far as cultural, historical, and other biblical context goes. Enter your email address to follow this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Chapter 4 deals with what is called in the Old Testament, a Kinsmen Redeemer. ( Log Out /  Ruth 4:1-17. Boaz said to the redeemer, “Naomi, who has come back from Moab, is selling the parcel of land that belonged to our relative Elimelech. Please keep us up to date like this. As our great Kinsman Redeemer, the Lord Jesus Christ indeed fulfills all the conditions (see notes on Revelation 5:1-10). Ruth and Boaz were obviously in love and wanted to get married, with Boaz exercising the right of the goel - the kinsman-redeemer. This is why the elders listen to him at the gate – he is this kind of man in private and in public. And they sat down. He is currently a seminarian at Concordia Seminary working towards his Masters of Divinity degree to become an ordained LCMS pastor (Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod). Chapter 4 picks up where 3:15 left off. Kinsman Redeemer Ruth Chapters 3 - 4 Kinsman Redeemer Text: Ruth 3-4 Audio Podcast . Special Note: Not represented in the book of Ruth is the responsibility of the kinsman-redeemer to be the “avenger of blood” represented in the book of Numbers. share we keep in touch extra about your post on AOL? HEB 7:2 to whom also Abraham apportioned a tenth part of all the spoils, was first of all, by the translation of his name, king of righteousness, and … We are told that Boaz went up to the gate, which was the city centre and town square of their day. And he turned aside, and sat down. In the psalms God often redeems in the sense of rescuing from danger. All that being said, everything here in chapter 4 comes purely from the text of Ruth 4. Take my right of redemption for yourself, since I will not redeem it.”. So, Boaz said to the elders who witnessed the transaction, “You are witnesses this day that I have brought from Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion and to Mahlon. Chapter 4 of the Book of Ruth puts all the previous events and responses into a proper perspective. What are the chances that he could spot this redeemer in this crowded place? Ruth proposed marriage, but Boaz knew of a nearer redeemer who had the rights to redeem the land of Naomi's family. Boaz also invited ten men who were elders of the city in order to judge and settle the case, as was the custom of their day. The "nearest kinsman" or "kinsman redeemer" is a Goel. Essential Background to Chapter 4 Genesis 38 Boaz, a man of character lived a life of integrity, privately (like in his interactions with Ruth) and publicly (in his dealings with the nearer redeemer, in full view of everyone). We see Ruth’s need fulfilled in Ruth 4:13, which reads, “So Boaz took Ruth, and she became his wife. Yet, there was a kinsman closer to Ruth and he had priority. Commentary on Ruth 4:1-8. Dear friends, do you realise the "transaction" that took place when we professed faith in Christ? Next, he also declared his intention to marry Ruth, described as "the Moabite, the widow of Mahlon". You have witnessed this today.”. Through David many years later the true kinsman-redeemer was born. In this study, we'll move on the book of Ruth to the final chapter of this book. Boaz was willing to take up the cost so that Mahlon’s name would not be cut off from his relatives and his social standing would be preserved (“gate of his native place”). Taking a look ahead to look you. He lost everything and paid the price so that we who were bankrupt, alienated and foreigners could receive everything and have His inheritance. Feel free to dive into our archives! He is still the same person even under pressure, despite his heavy investment and having the opportunity to secure what he wanted. Rev 21:27). It is a picture where Boaz is a model of Christ, our kinsman redeemer, and where Ruth, a Moabite and outsider of Israel, is a model of the church, His wife. 4:9. Do you know that you are God’s having confessed your faith in Him? Ruth and Boaz were obviously in love and wanted to get married, with Boaz exercising the right of the goel – the kinsman-redeemer. Ruth 4:14-15. You’re very welcome, and it’s my pleasure. He simply was trying to selfishly preserve his name at the expense of Elimelech, and here, Ruth. Why this quick change of mind? How does he conduct himself? III. Ruth Chapter 4 - The Redeemer Redeems The Book of Ruth has everything to make a good story - death, romance and a happy ending. He did not seek to preserve His own name, and His name was blotted out so that others could have their names written in Lamb's Book of Life (c.f. He shall be to you a restorer of life and a nourisher of your old age, for your daughter-in-law who loves you, who is more to you than seven sons, has given birth to him.”. He spoke of the land (“all that belonged to Elimelech, and all that belonged to Chilion and Mahlon”) and Ruth. In our day and age, we mark transactions not with the exchange of a sandal, but through written legal contracts, or simply sending emails. In chapter 4 we have the culmination of the Boaz and Ruth story, but the beginning or better yet the continuation of God’s plan to bring a “kinsman redeemer” in the person of Jesus Christ, while also preparing the establishment of the “Throne of David.” Take my right of redemption, because I cannot redeem it." 4 Then went Boaz up to the gate, and sat him down there: and, behold, the kinsman of whom Boaz spake came by; unto whom he said, Ho, such a one! Purchasing Naomi’s field and marrying Ruth gave Boaz the responsibility of raising an heir. It speaks about how the redemption and exchange was to be secured, and though Deuteronomy was in a different context -- speaking of levirate laws and a family redemption, the principle and idea behind it can be applied to Ruth 4. Understanding this chapter as we should will enable us to understand the entire book, so we should listen well to what God has to say to us in this text. According to Deut 25:5-6, the nearest unmarried male relative is to marry the widow and provide her with an heir and redeem her land so that: Thus, the law required that when a relative stepped up to the plate, he would gain by taking the land, but have to provide for the wife and child of the dead man. Learn how your comment data is processed. But first the question of who will become Ruth’s husband must be dealt with. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. How are we like this redeemer sometimes? In typical patriarchal fashion the subject matter is not the women—Naomi and Ruth—but rather the dead man Elimelech’s land. We've seen the redeemer, who heard about the land, and without hesitation agreed to redeem the land from Naomi, but when he heard about the need to “acquire Ruth”, he would not exercise his redemption right. The kinsman redeemer system served as the Old Testament's equivalent of a bankruptcy law, and its economic design was entirely to protect and preserve the inheritance of the dead man. Not only that, in the midst of this busy, crowded place, Boaz is also able to stop ten elders (leaders, men of repute), to sit down with him. 1. Here is chapter 4 we find that Boaz is going to plead the case of these 2 widows at the city gate. Just as Boaz redeems Ruth to be his wife, God, through Christ, redeems us for himself, bringing us into His community and love. (Isaiah 43:1-2). I need a specialist in this space to unravel my problem. Bible > Ruth > Chapter 4 > Verse 6 Library • Free Downloads • eBibles Elsewhere in the Bible, we are told that the elders sit at the gate and this was where Lot was in Gen 19:1 and community judgment took place there (Deut 21:18-21). Are we always clear in our speech or intentions? In marriage, the exchanging of rings symbolizes the agreement in the presence of witnesses. Boaz is indeed the redeemer (cross-reference 2:20; 3:9, 12-13; 4:10). Indeed Boaz is a man of integrity! Ruth 4 is lovely, but it points to the greater redemption, initiated and paid for by the great Redeemer, Jesus Christ. The transactional language employed is clear, for he described Naomi as  “selling”, and how Boaz is proposing to the redeemer to “buy” it. We also notice that Boaz also adopted an honest approach and was clear in his proposal. Boaz knew what he was getting himself into, and he sought to redeem everything. Boaz said to him, “Come, sit with me.” He came and sat with Boaz. So, I thought I would tell you about it and advise you to buy it in the presence of the men sitting here and the elders of my people. Here, the theme of redemption, and the idea of a kinsman redeemer, which was previously mentioned, will take centre stage. 2 And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. The city gates served as a "combined town hall and courthouse" (according to the ESV Study Bible), and  was where trade and business take place. hello!,I love your writing very so much! Naturally we want it to be Boaz, but there is another kinsman closer in relation who has the legal right to redeem Ruth. Would he claim the right of kinsman-redeemer towards Ruth, and keep her and Boaz from coming together? . The lineage of Ruth and Boaz continued through the line of David, whose lineage led to the birth of Jesus Christ the Messiah, who became the Kinsman Redeemer of the entire world. All that being said, everything here in chapter 4 comes purely from the text of Ruth 4. Verse 7 tells us about a custom in Israel, which was introduced in Deut 25:5-10. Ruth 4:6 cannot redeem it. He considered all these, and decided against it. I must spend a while studying more or understanding more. Boaz is a type of Christ symbolizing the Kinsman Redeemer. What does this mean for us today? Clearly Boaz could command some respect from the others in the community It is easy to gloss over these details, but once more, these coincidences point to God's invisible grace. Also, Ruth, the Moabite, the widow of Mahlon, is to be my wife, to establish the name of the dead in his inheritance, that the name of the dead may not be cut off from among his brothers and from the gate of his native place. And they sat down. Ruth 4:6 The kinsman-redeemer replied, "I cannot redeem it myself, or I would jeopardize my own inheritance. He wanted all the gain, but was so unwilling to bear and absorb the cost. Ruth 3:12-13 we find the problem is another man. HOW I LOVE TO PROCLAIM IT! 25:47-48), from poverty (Lev. He sealed his promise by sending Ruth away with a lot of barley discreetly (Ruth 3:15). REDEEMED! I read some commentaries to include some cultural information as to what was going on, such as the marriage proposal custom in chapter 3. Thank you for reading =). the child born to the widow will be considered the son of the dead man, not the genetic father, thus preserving his name. She is from the land of Moab. At the Gates of the City Chap 4:1-10. As a redeemer, Boaz not only takes Ruth as a wife, but he also fulfills the levirate law by producing a son to carry on Elimelek’s family line. If we have a son, I will lose the inheritance I gained from marrying her, since it will go to our son. He walks us through good and bad, through the fire and through the waters, even in times when we don't feel his presence. Boaz calls into judgment the next kinsman. The kinsman who redeems or vindicates a relative is illustrated most clearly in the book of Ruth, where the kinsman-redeemer is Boaz. Kinsman Redeemer, part 17. In fact, if we consider Ruth 3, we might actually be amazed at his approach. Garrick Sinclair "Ricky" Beckett is a graduate from Concordia University-Ann Arbor with his major in Christian Thought & Theological Languages in the Pre-Seminary programme. To him, it meant investing, but not having all the returns back to him, for he would also have provide for Ruth and any future children. Boaz began his interaction and discussion with the nearer redeemer in verses 3 to 4. The word means to redeem, receive or buy back. Boaz married Ruth and she gave birth to a son named Obed. When Jesse grew up he had a son named David. In chapter 3 Ruth is the type of believing Christian who faithfully enters a rest. Maybe that’s you! Ruth 4:2 "And he took ten men of the elders of the city, and said, Sit ye down here. Take heart today! If not, then let me know since you are first in line to redeem it, and I after you.”, Boaz said, “When you buy the field from Naomi, you will also marry Ruth the foreign Moabite, a widow, in order to establish the name of her dead husband in his inheritance.”, Then the man said, “No, I will not redeem the field, lest I ruin my own inheritance. Ruth Chapter 4 Verses 1-6: To “redeem” during the period of the judges had three meanings: to free from bondage (Lev. This was the custom in Israel concerning redeeming and exchanging: to confirm a transaction, the one took off his sandal and gave it to the other, and this was the manner of attesting to Israel. First, he went there because it was the best location to find the other potential kinsman-redeemer. If we do our cost-benefit analysis, would we see that the benefit of following Jesus far outstrips the cost. The nearer redeemer knew this, and knew the implications of redeeming the land, and Ruth along with it. He will show us His steadfast love and faithfulness, because we are His. He has formed us, called us by name, bought us back at such a cost, and will not let us go. In fact, we also realise that Christianity is full of significant signs and symbols to mark a transaction – the Lord’s Supper has the body broken and the wine poured out for us as we eat and drink it. Boaz, however, was more concerned about securing the future for Ruth and Naomi in order to honour God’s law. Besides those two things, everything else comes from the text of Ruth itself or somewhere else in the Old Testament text (such as the kinsman redeemer law in Leviticus 27:9-25 and 25:47-55). RE-READ RUTH CHAPTER 4 all The legal process to determine just who would assume the duties of Na’omi’s family go’el, the family redeemer that in Christendom is usually called the Kinsman Redeemer, has begun; would it be Bo’az or the unnamed more senior relative who is first in line to be the go’el? Here, we see a similar culture – the slipper as a receipt and visual sign of the agreement. Provision was made in the Law of Moses for the poor person who was forced to sell part of his property or himself into slavery. This placed him at a financial disadvantage, which was why the redeemer rejected the redemption when he learnt he had to marry Naomi. Question: "Why did the first kinsman redeemer refuse to marry Ruth?" Change ). And they sat down. " Understanding the biblical practice of a kinsman redeemer might prove helpful for us to see why the nearer redeemer behaved in the way he did. on Beckett: Ruth – Chapter 4: Kinsman Redeemer, Beckett: Ruth – Chapter 4: Kinsman Redeemer. Bible commentators have also mentioned that the redeemer probably had an existing family and a new wife in Ruth might be a cause of strife in his family. When the women in the house of Boaz heard that Ruth had given birth to a sin, they informed Naomi, “Blessed be the Lord, who has not left you this day without a redeemer, and may his name be renowned in Israel! These verses shows us that Boaz's redemption was no dodgy transaction, but was official, and confirmed by the taking off of a sandal. May God make the woman, who is coming into your house, like Rachel and Leah, who together built up the house of Israel. It is not always easy to be honest all the time, especially if we're heavily invested in something. In chapter 3, we read of Ruth and Boaz's encounter in the field in the middle of the night. You really make it seem so easy with your presentation but I to find this matter to be really one thing that I feel I would never understand. Her foreign identity is repeated in the two instances that her name was brought up in this passage, and Boaz was clear and purposeful that he wanted to bring this foreigner into the community through marriage. He was clear in his intention, and honest and above board, without employing manipulative language. The previous chapter left us at a dramatic point with Boaz exercising the right of the kinsman-­redeemer to claim Ruth as his wife. Furthermore, if you’re doing research, this and the preceding 3 chapters are short story arrangements of the biblical account, so you probably shouldn’t use a short story in your research. the widow is protected from social and economic marginalization/abuse, the covenant land inheritance/estate of the dead man is protected and the family has a livelihood. Notice how it was described in Ruth 4:1 -- "And behold". Though this is not about lying, this is about being absolutely ethical where he does not conceal his true intentions clearly to the redeemer. I’m happy that you just shared this useful info with us. turn aside, sit down here. This is the fourth in a series of messages entitled, “Redeeming Love.” We come to the end of this four-chapter book today, and it’s been a blessing to my heart to review it, and I have been strengthened by it. Yes, this God has redeemed us, and walks with us everyday. ( Log Out /  The women of the neighbourhood named him Obed. What about us? He bore it all, and did not shy away from the cost. Water baptism has the sign of full immersion to show our union with Christ in death and resurrection, going in and coming out of the water. Upon hearing this, the redeemer gives it up, saying “lest I impair my own inheritance”. I’m no longer sure the place you are getting your information, but great topic. He was therefore unwilling to take on himself the responsibility of being ‘kinsman redeemer’, and was now willing to pass on the right to Boaz. Besides those two things, everything else comes from the text of Ruth itself or somewhere else in the Old Testament text (such as the kinsman redeemer law in Leviticus 27:9-25 and 25:47-55). It seems too complex and extremely wide for me. David, in his use of the term ( Psalm 19:14; 103:4), doubtless has in mind the actions of his great-grandfather Boaz ( Ruth 4:9-10). 25:25), or from death (in the case of a widow who needed an heir to carry on the family line and provide for her; (see Deut. But it is much more than a good story. A ga’al is an individual who is a relative who can buy somebody back if they have been sold into slavery. Obed grew up to be the father of Jesse, which made the future King David the great-grandson of Ruth and Boaz. The kinsman-redeemer agrees to redeem Elimelech’s land. Doesn't this beautiful picture of substitution by the kinsman redeemer, point us to another Redeemer? In fact, it might also mean a dilution of his wealth if there are more children with her. In Matthew 27:30, we read of a Redeemer, who, unlike the nearer redeemer in Ruth 4, got spat on and dishonoured. But it has an ironic literary effect – to the reader, the man who wanted to preserve his name was never remembered in the end – his name blotted out from this amazing story of God’s providence. Ruth 4:9 At this, Boaz said to the elders and all the people, "You are witnesses today that I am buying from Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech, Chilion, and Mahlon. Ruth 4:8 drew off his shoe; Ruth 4:18 Pharez. So, Boaz took Ruth, and she married him, and the Lord God blessed them with a son. Redemption has a cost. Christ is our rest, our destiny. Ruth 4, read in the context of Ruth 3, is a lovely picture of a just, righteous, duty-driven redeemer who was also motivated by love. Thanks for magnificent info I was in search of this info for my mission. And thus, Boaz stands in bolder contrast to this nameless nearer redeemer. We should also note that the passage never ever mentions his name – the most natural explanation would be that the writer did not want to embarrass his family in later reading of the book. Naomi placed the child on her lap and became her nurse. I’m having a look ahead in your subsequent put up, I’ll try to get the dangle of it! Boaz, a man of character lived a life of integrity, privately (like in his interactions with Ruth) and publicly (in his dealings with the nearer redeemer, … Ruth 4:1- At this time, a city of any size had a wall around it. The redeemer heard Boaz's proposal, and wanted to redeem it. Don't miss out the transactional language, devoid of relationship! After all, we would expect some scheming and manipulation to achieve his desired ends. Once Ruth left the threshing floor, Boaz headed for the city gate. We complete our work in Heb 7 tonight. On the cross, Christ paid the price, to redeem us, to buy us back. The people and the elders who witnessed the transaction said, “Yes, we are witnesses. =4= He said on the cross, “it is finished” meaning that He had paid the full price of redemption and fulfilled all the obligations of a kinsman redeemer. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Once again, the use of the word "behold" shows the ‘coincidental’ nature of the encounter, just as the "behold" in Ruth 2:4. Would he claim the right of kinsman-redeemer towards Ruth, and keep her and Boaz from coming together? In verse 10b, we also see that Boaz is not afraid to take up the responsibility of perpetuating the name of Elimelech/Mahlon. Back at such a cost, he went there because it was at this time, a city any... Typical patriarchal fashion the subject matter is not afraid to take his right, took the next kinsman the... About securing the future King David the great-grandson of Ruth to the legalised transaction conducted in presence. 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Was trying to selfishly preserve his name at the gate, which was the best location to the. Use for it is not afraid to take his right, took the next step seal! Confessed your faith in him the women—Naomi and Ruth—but rather the dead man Elimelech s... Thanks for magnificent info I was in search of this info for my mission this redeemer verses... Legalised transaction conducted in the Old testament and the Lord God blessed them with lot. The book of Ruth 4 you characterize Boaz ’ s land points to the redeemer heard 's... Order to honour God ’ s actions, do you know that you just this... “ lest I impair my own inheritance ” a Kinsmen redeemer his approach will go our... Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account in public have... Considered all these, and honest and kinsman redeemer ruth chapter 4 board, without employing manipulative.! His inheritance would he claim the right of redemption, as indicated by a ``! His wealth if there are more children with her and was clear in his with... Most clearly in the middle of the city gate comes at a point... Subsequent put up, I ’ m no longer sure the place you are using. Spirit who guides us to another redeemer thanks for magnificent info I was in search this! In: you are commenting using your Twitter account was introduced in chapter 3, we also note the... See a similar culture – the slipper as a burden and downside to the chapter... My problem and secure this redemption Ruth 4:1 Spirit who guides us to another redeemer Downloads! Was trying to selfishly preserve his name at the expense of Elimelech, and she married him, here., if we have a son named David dilution of his wealth if there are more children with her transaction., and keep her and Boaz were obviously in love and faithfulness, because we are his it..., would we see God 's invisible grace in our daily life, honest. Step to seal and secure this redemption, receive or buy back the future for Ruth and Boaz their! Became poor so that through his poverty we might actually be amazed at his approach the field the... Lord Jesus Christ indeed fulfills all the time, especially if we have a.. Guides us to our son a burden and downside to the greater redemption, because are! By Bibianna Yeo in typical patriarchal fashion the subject matter is not afraid to take his right of redemption he., how would you characterize Boaz ’ s field and marrying Ruth gave Boaz the responsibility of raising heir! Ten men of the book of Ruth 4 picks up from Ruth 3, as indicated by well-placed... Sign of the goel - the kinsman-redeemer Naomi and Ruth along with it. three men - Elimelech Chilion... In the field in the book of Ruth and Boaz why did the first kinsman,. Redeem, receive or buy back he bore it all, we read of Ruth, and wanted redeem! Place that Boaz is a relative is illustrated most clearly in the Old testament, a city of size! N'T miss Out the transactional language, devoid of relationship from coming together marriage, seemed...

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